Description

Clinical biochemistry by studying the chemical and biochemical processes of the body, helps diagnose and manage illnesses by analyzing blood, urine and other body fluids. These tests can be performed on all body fluids, but are often performed on serum and plasma. In the Biochemistry section of The Payvand Laboratory, serum, plasma, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, etc., are being tested and the results are delivered as soon as possible. Because biological macromolecules such as DNA and proteins have charge, they can be separated by placing them in an electric field based on physical properties such as their conformation, molecular weight, and electric charge. For this purpose, a method called electrophoresis is used. In the Electrophoresis section of The Payvand Laboratory, using Capillary method, electrophoresis tests are performed for protein, hemoglobin and urine. Also, in this section, Immunofixation (I.M) for autoimmune serum and urine is performed, and the comments and final diagnosis for patients are reviewed personally by the Technical Director of the laboratory.

Important indicators of Biochemistry and Electrophoresis department are:

  • Establishment of quality management system in the framework of national and ISO standards (ISO 10002 + ISO 9001)
  • Equipped with the technology of the day, so that all tests are carried out with fully automated methods and advanced devices.
  • Daily internal quality control by the department to ensure the accuracy of the program's results, as well as to participate in three internal and external quality control programs EQAS & EQAP and PREVECAL for most biochemical tests and obtaining optimal results in them.
  • Provide the results of most tests to the patient on the same day of sampling.
  • Provide emergency test results within 2 to 3 hours and report it to the patient and physician in written form and online.
  • Having personnel with theoretical and practical knowledge and sufficient experience in related fields

Test List

     Biochemistry

No

Analyte/Investigation

Specimen Type

Container Type/

Volume

Transport/

maintenance

Turnaround Time (TAT)

Performed Day

1

5-HIAA

Random urine

Urine bottle

4-8 °c

5 Days

Daily

2

ACE

CSF/ Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

7 Days

Wednesday

3

Acid Phosphatase (Prostatic)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

2 Days

Daily

4

Acid Phosphatase Total

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

2 Days

Daily

5

Adenosine Deaminase in Tuberculosis (ADA)

Serum/ Fluid /CSF

Clot red cap / 3mL

4-8 °c

4 Days

Daily

6

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

7

Albumin (Alb)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

8

Aldolase

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

2 Days

Sunday/Wednesday

9

Alkaline Phosphatase

(Alk. Phos, ALP)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

10

Ammonia(NH3)

Plasma (EDTA)

EDTA lavender Cap /3ml

Frozen at -20 °c

5 Days

Sunday / Tuesday / Thursday

11

Amylase

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

12

Apolipoprotein A1

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

2 Days

Daily

13

Apolipoprotein B

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

2 Days

Daily

14

Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

15

Bence Jones Protein
(See Protein Electrophoresis)

Urine

Urine bottle

4-8 °c

Daily

Daily

16

Beta 2 -Microglobulin (B2M)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

17

Bilirubin - Direct (Conjugated)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

18

Bilirubin (Total)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

19

Calcium

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

20

Ceruloplasmin

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

21

Chloride

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

22

Cholesterol (Total)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

23

Chromtography (amino acid)

Serum/Urine/CSF

EDTA lavender Cap /3ml - Urine bottle

4-8 °c

11 Days

Sunday / Tuesday / Thursday

24

Citrate

Urine

Urine bottle (acid additive)

4-8 °c

Daily

Monday

25

Copper (Cu)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

26

CPK-MB

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

4-8 °c

Daily

Daily

27

Creatinine

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

28

Cryoglobulin, cryo

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL (37°C)

Frozen at -20 °c

3 Days

Daily

29

CSF Analysis

CSF

Sterile Universal Container- 0.5ml

4-8 °c

Daily

Daily

30

CSF Glucose

CSF

Sterile Universal Container- 0.5ml

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

31

CSF Lactate

CSF

Sterile Universal Container- 0.5ml

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

32

CSF Protein

CSF

Sterile Universal Container- 0.5ml

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

33

Cystatin C

Serum

EDTA lavender Cap /3ml

4-8 °c

3 Days

Daily

34

Cystine

Urine

Urine bottle

4-8 °c

6 Days

Daily

35

Free Kappa (Serum)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

36

Free Lambda (serum)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

37

G6pDQ

Whole blood

EDTA lavender Cap /3ml

22-24 ̊ C

Daily

Daily

38

Gamma Glutamyl Transferase

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

39

Glucose

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

40

Glucose 6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G-6PD)

Whole blood

EDTA lavender Cap /3ml

4-8 °c

Daily

Daily

41

Glucose 6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G-6PD) (Quant)

Whole blood

EDTA lavender Cap /3ml

4-8 °c

Daily

Daily

42

Glucose Challenge Test (GCT)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

4-8 °c

Daily

Daily

43

Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

44

Haptoglobins

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

45

HbA1c

Serum

EDTA lavender Cap /3ml

4-8 °c

Daily

Daily

46

HDL Cholesterol

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

47

Homocysteine

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

48

Iron

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

49

Kappa (Urine )

Urine - 24hr collection

24 hour urine bottle

4-8 °c

Daily

Daily

50

Lactate

Plasma (EDTA)

EDTA lavender Cap /3ml

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

51

Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

52

Lambda (Urine)

Urine - 24hr collection

24 hour urine bottle

4-8 °c

Daily

Daily

53

Lamotrigine TDM

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

54

LDL Cholesterol

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

55

Lipase

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

56

Lipoprotein a

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

4 Days

Saturday/Tuesday

57

Lithium

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

58

Magnesium (Mg)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

59

Metanephrine (Urine)

Urine

24 hour urine bottle - HCL additive

4-8 °c

2 Days

Monday

60

Micro Albumin

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

61

Micro Albumin (Urine)

Urine - 24hr collection

24 hour urine bottle

4-8 °c

Daily

Daily

62

Myoglobin

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

2 Days

Daily

63

NorMetanephrine (Urine)

Urine

24 hour urine bottle - HCL additive

4-8 °c

2 Days

Monday

64

Oligoclonal Band (OCB)

Serum & CSF (at the same time)

Clot red cap 3mL
Sterile Universal Container- 1.0 mL

Frozen at -20

10 Days

Daily

65

Oxalate

Urine

24 hour urine bottle - (acid additive)

4-8 °c

2 Days

Saturday/Monday

66

Pb

Serum

EDTA lavender Cap /3ml

4-8 °c

8 Days

Daily

67

Phosphorus

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

68

Pleural Fluid Biochemistry Analysis

Pleural fluid

Sterile Universal Container- 0.5ml

4-8 °c

Daily

Daily

69

Potassium (K)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

70

Protein (Total)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

71

Pyruvate Kinase

Serum/ Plasma

Preferred container: ACD solution Tube 6 mL
Alternate container:  EDTA Lavendure cap 3mL

Frozen at -20
4-8 °c

4 Days

Sunday / Tuesday / Thursday

72

Sodium (Na+)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

73

Stone Analysis

Stone

Stone/1Pice

22-24 ̊ C

Daily

Monday

74

Synovial fluid Analysis

Synovial fluid

Sterile Universal Container- 0.5ml

4-8 °c

Daily

Daily

75

TIBC

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

76

Total Kappa serum

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

77

Total Lambda serum

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

78

Total. Protein Urine

Urine

24 hour urine bottle

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

79

Transferrin

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

80

Triglycerides

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

81

Troponin I

serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

-

Daily

Monday/ Wednsday

82

UACR (urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio)

Random urine

Urine bottle

4-8 °c

Daily

Daily

83

Urea

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

84

Uric Acid

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

85

Urine sugar chromatography (HPLC)

Urine

Urine bottle

4-8 °c

5 Days

Saturday/Wednesday

86

VMA

Urine - 24hr collection

24 hour urine bottle - HCL additive

4-8 °c

Daily

Saturday/Monday/Wednesday

87

Zinc

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

Frozen at -20 °c

Daily

Daily

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

 Capillary Electrophoresis

No

Analyte / Investigation

Specimen Type

Container Type/Volume

Transport/

maintenance

Turnaround Time
(TAT)

Performed day

1

Hb Electrophoresis

Whole blood

EDTA lavender Cap / 3ml

4-8 ̊ C

2 days

Sunday/Tuesday

2

Protein Electrophoresis (Serum)

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

4-8 ̊ C

2 days

Sunday/Tuesday

3

Protein Electrophoresis (Urine Quantitative)

Urine - 24hr collection

24 hour urine bottle

–no additive

4-8 °c

2 days

Sunday/Tuesday

4

Serum Immunofixation

Serum

Clot red cap / 3mL

4-8 ̊ C

2 days

Sunday/Tuesday

5

Urine Immunofixation

Urine 24h no additive

24 hour urine bottle

–no additive

4-8 ̊ C

2 days

Sunday/Tuesday

 

 

 

Images

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

 

 

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