In the Urinalysis section of The Payvand Laboratory, all biochemical parameters such as: sugar, protein, bilirubin, orbilinogen, etc., are analyzed. In addition, in this section, urine can be tested for some factors that are not commonly found in the urine due to some of the systemic diseases and congenital immune defects in the urine. Internal and external quality control are performed on all parameters and elements that are analyzed in the Urinalysis section, and quality control is done daily, weekly and monthly. Also, this section of the laboratory provides microscopic examination of urine specimens, and in the presence of abnormal cellular elements in patients' urine sedimentation, urine cytological examination is recommended to physicians. One of the tests conducted in the Urinalysis section of The Payvand Laboratory is the Semen Analysis, which is done both manually and by using the CASA software system according to WHO standards.

Diagnostic Panels



Urine breakdown and parasitological tests panel

       Part I:


       Urine biochemistry includes qualitative and semi-quantitative tests using external urine stretch marks (valid brands)

  1. Blood: Haemoglobulin) along with home-made control
  2. Nitrite
  3. Protein along with home-made control
  4. Glucose combined with quality control of single glucose strokes
  5. Ketone
  6. Urobilinogen with qualitative control (corresponding kit) (ERLICH Reagent)
  7. Bilirubin with Home Made control (Revealed by Iodine Smith)
  8. pH: pH quality control using multiplex pH bands (Merck-Germany)
  9. Specific Gravity (SG) The specific gravity of the urine is parallel to the refractometer
  10. Ascorbic acid

      It should be noted that separate external strips control use for all of the above. Commercial Urotrol solutions has also used for QC. Quality control has done daily and weekly. The external quality control have carried out three times a year by sending unknown samples to the laboratory. (EAQP)

        Part II:

         Microscopic urine

         (Investigation of cellular elements and other elements of urine on urinary precipitates)


  • WBC
  • RBC
  • Epithelial cells
  • Casts
  • Crystal
  • The scrub
  • Bacteria

And other abnormal and abnormal elements in urine sedimentation including RBC Cast, Waxy Cast, Renal Tubular Epithelial Cells, and abnormal crystals in the urine, such as leucine and tyrosine

All these test would be carried out with two different method: automated and by scientist

         Other Tests:

  • Determination and measurement of reducing substances in the urine (Reducing substances)
  • Semen analysis,Semen analysis or Semen liquid analysis by the CASA system (computer software) complying with WHO standardized goals
  • Determine Bence Jones Protein
  • Determining the presence of hemosiderin in urine is also done in this section.

Part III:


         Stool Exam OB / OP


  • Search for intestinal parasites, protozoa (amoeba and cystic forms) and eggs of parasites (larvae of strongyloides stercoralis) by direct examination methods
  • Wet Smears and Concentration
  • Coloring with trichrome (Permanent Stain)
  • Oxyure parasitic look especially for children (Scotch Type Test)
  • Search for Cryptosporidium by Modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining


Searching for secret blood in human feces / hemoglobin / Occult Blood (Occlult Blood)

  • FOB by Qualitative Method
  • iFOB Q Quantitative

      No need to observe the diet before doing the test

 OB: In a qualitative test, an immuno-chromatography test is performed using special cassettes for internal and external control.

iFOB Q: Quantitative testing based on immunoturbidometry and using the related device (Quick read go)

      European CE approval, special device kit and positive control solution


Test List
















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